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Blog: Addressing Family Adversity through Comprehensive and Holistic Approaches

Jul 28, 2010 | By Amy Johnson, Emerson Hunger Fellow

Critical in the conversation on the effectiveness of our federal social service system are the issues faced by families who need multiple forms of support and by non-custodial fathers. Both of these problems were brought to light in a presentation sponsored by Congressman Danny K. Davis (IL-07) yesterday, entitled, “Social Service Systems: Adapting to Families’ Needs and Adversity.”

Dr. Kirk Edward Harris, Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban Planning at the University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee and Dr. Robert George, Research Fellow & Associate at Chapin Hall, University of Chicago, both spoke of the multiple problems that families face in overcoming life challenges. From experience as a lawyer assisting families in need, Harris expressed the critical importance of recognizing informal networks of support—immediate and extended family, social networks, the neighborhood, and community centers—and the need to build upon these existing framework in providing federal aid. He expressed, “We have to understand what families are doing right and recognize that resilience in helping them move forward….” We have to “Connect and strengthen community networks and integrate services into these networks.” Harris calls for community building as a crucial component of helping families rise above poverty.

In a more quantitative attitude, George shared studies conducted in Illinois that revealed that there are a small proportion of families using the majority of the budget for federal assistance programs, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, incarceration costs, drug rehabilitation programs, and others. Although these families with multiple problems made up only 23% of low-income families