Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a block-grant program the began with The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 ("welfare reform"). It is designed to be part of the national safety net, providing block grants to states, territories and tribes for services, benefits and administrative costs.
TANF replaced Aid to Families with Dependant Children (AFDC) in 1996, removing entitlement from the program with the stated purpose of overcoming “welfare dependency” and increasing independence.
Stated objectives of the TANF Program include:
Key uses of funds include income assistance, child care assistance, job training, transportation assistance and other services.