On May 15, 2012, the Hamilton Project held a forum that revealed a policy brief that provides a blueprint for our legislators to move forward on to reform our broken immigration system. The brief, Rationalizing U.S. Immigration Policy: Reforms for Simplicity, Fairness and Economic Growth, was authored by Giovanni Peri, Professor of Economics at the University of California. It outlines three key phases needed for immigration reform. These phases, according to Peri, would expand our economy while addressing the desperately needed humanitarian relief for the 11.5 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States.
The pressing need for a working immigration system was exemplified by the a diverse roundtable that included former Senator Chuck Hagel (R-NE), Janet Murguia, President and CEO of the National Council of La Raza, and self-proclaimed Tea Party member Marschall Smith, Senior Vice President Legal Affairs and General Counsel of 3M, a multinational conglomerate corporation.
Immigration has contributed greatly to our economy throughout our history. Forty-two percent of Fortune 500 companies were founded by immigrants. America must have a working immigrant system that embodies this value in order to bring our country into the twenty-first century. Our current system is undoubtedly flawed and dehumanizes undocumented immigrants, while also restricting our market’s ability to meet the labor needs of our economy. The public conversation has also become dominated by an irrational fear that regards immigrants as villains in our society.
In order to address immigration reform as an economic imperative that can no longer be ignored, we must engage in dialogue that respects immigrants in an ethical way that is consistent with our values. This report is part of that dialogue that could bring both sides together.
The three incremental phases include:
- Phase one: Introduce a market system for temporary work visas (specifically H-1B and H2). Employers would be required to purchase permits to obtain employment-based visas based on their needs, determined by the needs of the market.
- Phase two: Simplify the temporary visa categories and allow provisional visas to be converted into permanent resident visas. This would entail consolidating the various current categories into three visa categories based on skills. The number of visas would be determined using the same program as piloted in phase one. Immigrants with provisional visas would also have the ability to obtain permanent resident status after five years through an auction-based system.
- Phase three: Expand the scope of market-based reform. By reforming the family-based visa progra